The activity involves approximately 70 scientists and meteorologists, and is an important basis for the institute in order to fulfill its role in producing high quality services to society. This task includes the development of methods for the operational forecasting service, and the contribution of new ideas and methods for the improvement of the different services. An important field of research is climate analysis and climate modeling in order to understand regional climate changes related to global changes.
Continuous research activity is carried out on numerical models for the prediction of weather, ocean currents, waves, sea level and sea ice coverage.
A large percentage of the research is performed on contracts with research organisations such as the EU Framework Program and the Research Council of Norway. Contracts are also with private companies dealing with environment, energy, offshore activity and information technology. The research is highly dependant on computer resources, and the institute is connected to a national supercomputer at NUST in Trondheim and the European Centre for Medium Range Forecasts (ECMWF) facilities.
The research within the field of meteorology is focused on numerical atmospheric modelling and the utilisation of meteorological observations in data assimilation and verification. The main objective is to supply the weather forecasting service with high quality prognoses. Prediction of local weather and studies of local wind conditions by using high resolution models is an area of high priority.
The aim of the oceanographic studies is to obtain and apply an optimal knowledge of the sea conditions in our ocean regions. Such knowledge is an important factor in the decision-making processes in maritime activities, and for society at large. To this end, the role of ocean models is instrumental, and results thereof are used in the operational forecasting service, and to address climate and environmental issues.
The research is dedicated to the main fields of active and passive sensors in satellites and radars. The aim is to utilise these data for forecasting and climate purposes. Research is carried out on assimilation of satellite data in numerical models, methods for use of satellite data in practical weather forecasting, development of algorithms for estimation of sea surface temperature and ice cover, and estimation of precipitation amounts from radar data.
The main objective is to develop and evaluate chemical transport models relevant to the design of environmental policies. The long-term calculations apply basically to the atmospheric dispersion of sulphur, nitrogen, photo oxidants and volatile chemical compounds, heavy metals and atmospheric aerosols. Results from model calculations are used to determine the long-range exchange of pollution in European countries. Information on air concentrations and depositions in Europe as well as pollution emission data are regularly updated and verified and are available via the Internet (EMEP).
The research on climate modelling is mainly focused around the climate in Northern Europe and the adjacent ocean areas. The main objective is to study the regional climate changes that may result from global climate change. Regional climate models for the atmosphere and the ocean are developed in order to produce statistics for today’s climate and future scenarios.
The main objective is to analyse and describe the climate of Norway. The basis for this research is quality-controlled observations. In order to understand the changing climate, studies of the relationship between atmospheric circulation patterns and different weather parameters are carried out. Other important research activities are calculations of frequency of extreme weather events, development of seasonal forecasting models, analysis of precipitation amounts, wind and temperature conditions.
Oslo Climate Group
The Oslo Climate Group consists of scientist in the Oslo region actively working on issues relating to Earth's climate. Its objective is to promote inter-institutional, interdisciplinarly and inter-methodical climate research.